Putin said at the BRICS summit, that politically motivated Western sanctions increased economic challenges

Putin said at the BRICS summit, that politically motivated Western sanctions increased economic challenges

Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Wednesday that politically motivated Western sanctions on his country have created global economic challenges. This has led to a decrease in business activity, increased unemployment, a shortage of raw materials, and difficulties in ensuring global food security. Addressing a BRICS trade conference hosted by Chinese President Xi Jinping, Putin also said that Russia was in the process of resuming its trade and oil exports to countries from the grouping, including Brazil, Russia, India, and China. and South Africa.

politically motivated sanctions imposed
State news agency TASS quoted him as saying, "politically motivated new sanctions are repeatedly imposed, the mechanism of pressure on competition is being strengthened." Collaborative ties are being broken, and transport and logistics chains are being torn down. All this, contrary to common sense and economic logic, harms business interests on a global scale and negatively affects the well-being of people in all countries.


Putin said without mentioning Russia's invasion of Ukraine, it adds to the problems in the global economy. This leads to a reduction in business activity, an increase in unemployment, a shortage of raw materials and components, and increasing difficulties in ensuring global food security. The prices of crops and other basic agricultural products increase continuously.

Russia imposed severe sanctions for the invasion of Ukraine
Putin ordered a special military operation against Ukraine on 24 February. US-led Western countries have imposed severe sanctions on Russia for its invasion of Ukraine. Ukraine is one of the world's top grain producers along with Russia but is unable to export to global markets because of the blockade of its Black Sea ports. Putin said that the BRICS countries are developing trade under difficult conditions.

Putin said that together with BRICS partners, we are developing credible alternative mechanisms for international settlements. The Russian Financial Messaging System is open to linking with the banks of the BRICS countries. The Russian business community, in coordination with the business communities of the BRICS countries, takes prompt steps to develop transport infrastructure. Logistics routes are re-adjusted, and new production chains are created.

I would like to emphasize that Russia's strategy has not changed. We are ready to work openly with all genuine partners based on the principles of mutual respect for each other's interests while strengthening our economic, technical, and scientific potential.

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Climate change is also having a negative effect on bees

Climate change is also having a negative effect on bees

A recent study has shown that changes in temperature have had a negative effect on new species of bumble bees over the past 120 years. These research findings have recently been published in Biology Letters.

Hannah Jackson, a postgraduate student in the M Gonigal Lab of Biology at Simon Fraser University, said on the study, "Bumble bees (Bumble bees) are important pollinators for wild plants and also for crops that humans depend on for food." We, therefore, need to develop conservation strategies that account for the future effects of climate change on bee populations.

Jackson and his colleagues in-depth analyzed existing datasets containing records on 46 bumblebee species in North America between 1900 and 2020. He made two models. First, on time and second on environmental factors. They found that six species of bumblebees decreased over time, while 22 increased and 18 remained stable, based on climate and land use.

The researchers noted that both temperature and precipitation increased between 1900 and 2020. on average in the period after the Industrial Revolution. Temperature change has mainly had a negative effect on bumble bees. 37 of the 46 species exhibited a greater decline than a change in temperature or a less positive increase in occupancy if the temperature remained constant. Importantly, nine species of bumble bee showed declines, which are associated with changing temperatures within their ranges. The team didn't find patterns in the other factors studied, such as rainfall and flower resources in which only one species declined.

In fact, both flower resources and rainfall had mixed results. About half of the bumblebee bee species were negatively affected by changes in rain flower resources, while the other half were positively affected. Therefore, the researchers conclude that changing temperatures are a major environmental factor that drives changes in bumble bee community composition. As bumble bee species vary in land use and future responses to climate change, says Jackson, conservation of these species should take precedence.

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