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The Kozhikode District of Kerala received a Nipah Virus Alert after two ‘unnatural deaths’

A health notice was issued by the Kerala Health Department on Monday in the Kozhikode district as a result of two “unnatural” fatalities that were thought to be caused by the Nipah virus infection. Nipah outbreaks were previously reported in the area in 2018 and 2021, with the latter year’s epidemic inflicting 17 fatalities.

The state’s health minister, Veena George, convened a high-level meeting to examine the situation, according to a statement released by the health department on Monday evening. The Nipah virus is thought to be to blame for two “unnatural” deaths that followed fevers that were reported from a private hospital, according to the article. According to the statement, relatives of one of the dead were also brought to the critical care unit.

On May 19, 2018, news of the first Nipah virus (NiV) epidemic in southern India came from Kozhikode. This was India’s third nipah virus epidemic; the first two, both in West Bengal, occurred in 2001 and 2007. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that a total of 23 cases, including the index case with 18 laboratory-confirmed cases, were found.

Nipah virus: what is it?
The Nipah virus infection is a zoonotic disease that may spread from person to person, via contaminated food, or directly from animal to human. According to the WHO, it may cause a variety of diseases in infected individuals, including asymptomatic (subclinical) infection, acute respiratory sickness, and deadly encephalitis.

According to WHO, the virus may also cause serious illness in pigs and other animals, costing farmers a great deal of money. The organization, however, did not advocate the implementation of any entrance screening, trade restrictions, or travel bans in connection with the NiV epidemic.

 

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