Chaturthi Shraddha 2021: Here is the time, importance and method of worship of this day for Chaturthi Shraddha
Pitru Paksha is one of the important days for all Hindus, as during this Paksha, they pay homage to their ancestors by performing Pitru Puja. Today is the fourth day of Pitru Paksha which is known as Chaturthi Shradh 2021. On this day, family members perform Shradh rituals for the ancestor who died on the Chaturthi of either of the two lunar pakshas of any month.
In North India, Purnimanta calendar is followed hence the fifteen days of Krishna Paksha of Ashwin month is known as Pitru Paksha. In South India, Amavasyanta calendar is followed, hence the fifteen days of the Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month is known as Pitru Paksha. Bhadrapada Purnima is also involved in performing Shradh rituals.
Chaturthi Shradh 2021: Date and Time
Chaturthi Tithi is starting from 24th September at 08:29 am
Tritiya Tithi will end on 25th September at 10:36 am
Kutup Muhurta – 11:48 am – 12:37 pm
Rohina Muhurta – 12:37 pm – 01 pm 25 AM
Aparna Kaal – 01:25 PM – 03:50 PM
Sunrise 06:10 AM
Sunset 06:15 PM
Chaturthi Shradh: Significance
Pitru Paksha is Shradh Karma. Kutup Muhurta and Rohina Muhurta are considered good for performing Shradh. The Muhurta after that lasts till the end of the afternoon period. Tarpan is performed at the end of Shradh.
The Garuda Purana states that the soul's journey to Yampuri begins thirteen days after death. It reaches there after seventeen days. The soul travels for eleven months to reach Yama's court. Pind Daan and Tarpan are performed to provide food and water during this period with the belief that it will satisfy the hunger and thirst of the soul.
Chaturthi Shradh: Rituals
Shradh rites are performed to remember and pay homage to the ancestors.
– Tarpan and Pind Daan are performed by a member of the family, mostly by the eldest male of the family.
Shradh karma should be done at appropriate time with mantras and proper method.
First the cow is fed, then crows, dogs and ants are fed. Crow is considered to be the connecting link between this world and the world of ancestors.
Food is served to Brahmins with respect. They are also given dakshina and clothes.
Many people distribute food in orphanages and old age homes.
Some people also keep fast on this day.
Prasad is distributed after performing the rituals in the afternoon.
Note- The information given here is based on religious beliefs and folk beliefs, there is no scientific evidence for this. It has been presented here keeping in mind the general public interest.