China benefits from current LAC accords: Arunachal Governor

The governor of Arunachal Pradesh, Lt Gen KT Parnaik (retd), said today that the Chinese were given the advantage under the current “peace and tranquility” accords on procedures for soldiers at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh, which have been in place for four years.

According to Lieutenant General Parnaik, who oversaw the Northern Army from January 2011 to June 2013, “it is time the Ministry of External Affairs and the Ministry of Defense Affairs entered into new agreements with Beijing.” Here, he was giving the second Lt Gen PS Bhagat Memorial Lecture’s keynote presentation.

Co-author of the Henderson Brooks report on the 1962 India-China conflict was Lieutenant General Bhagat (1918–1975).

“The current agreements on the LAC suit the People’s Liberation Army,” said Lieutenant General Parnaik. We are defending an imperceptible border. Agreement breaches occur often. A new set of agreements between the MoD and MEA must be prepared.

He said, “India needs to refute the Chinese claims that its dynasties ruled certain regions at some point in history.”

India has already formally accused China of breaking agreements and starting the ensuing military stalemate along the Line of Actual Conflict.

In the Lok Sabha in 2020, Defense Minister Rajnath Singh said, “Chinese actions reflect a disregard for our various bilateral agreements.” “The Chinese side violated border management agreements in 2020 by moving large numbers of troops to the frontier,” said External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar in 2023.

China’s force build-up violates the accords from 1993 and 1996. The two accords specifically acknowledged that maintaining peace and calm in border regions required strict observance of and respect for the Law of Arms Convention (LAC).

The agreements provide protocols and guidelines for handling confrontational situations. Nonetheless, Chinese military behavior in the most recent violent clashes has completely defied all mutually agreed upon standards.

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