A worrying report has come out about anemia in the country. According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5), more than half the population of children and women is suffering from anemia. In the NFHS-5, between 2019 and 2021, states were tested on population, fertility, child health, nutrition and other parameters.
The Health Ministry on Wednesday released the report of its second phase with the survey of 14 states. In the first phase, the report of 22 states and union territories was released in December 2020. The new report also revealed a national picture combining both the reports. The report was prepared in 2015-16 under NFHS-4.
There is evidence of declining fertility rate at the national level: According to NFHS-5, the fertility rate at the national level has become 2.0. This means that every woman of childbearing age in the country is giving birth to an average of two children. In NFHS-4 this rate was 2.2. The availability of contraceptive means has also improved. The standards of women empowerment are also showing a picture of improvement. Nationally, 79 percent of women have a bank account. It was 53 percent in the last survey.
- 36% of children are underdeveloped for age. In NFHS-4 it was 38 percent
- 19% of children are victims of wasting (very thin for their age). In NFHS-4 it was 21 percent
- 32% of children suffer from the condition of being underweight. In NFHS-4 it was 36 percent
- 64% of children were breastfed under six months of age. In NFHS-4 it was 55 percent
Hospital deliveries increase
- Nationally, 89% of deliveries took place in hospitals. In NFHS-4 it was 79 percent
- 100% deliveries take place in hospitals in Puducherry and Tamil Nadu
- More than 90% of deliveries took place in hospitals in seven states of Phase II
- 67% of children suffer from anemia, between the ages of six months and five years
- 57% of women suffer from anemia, aged 15 to 49
- 25% of men are anaemic, between the ages of 15 and 49