In Delhi, where is Mungeshpur located? Why Is It Hotter Than Other Capital Regions?

A little town in the capital, Delhi, made news on Wednesday when it recorded the highest temperature of the day, breaking the national heat record. The nation has been enduring an extreme heatwave.

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) recorded a temperature of 52.3 degrees Celsius at Mungeshpur at 3 p.m. on May 29.

In recent days, Mungeshpur, a tiny town in northwest Delhi close to the Haryana border and surrounded by farmland, has continuously registered the highest temperatures in the city.

“I can’t possibly stand there for more than fifteen minutes. As jowar is not expected to thrive in this heat, most farmers have also ceased growing it, according to local farmer Ashok Kumar, who washed his cattle and spoke to the Hindustan Times.

“I’m washing my cows for the third time today. They can only remain cool because of it. When the calves are left out for too long, they often begin to froth from their lips, said Kumar.

In addition to Mungeshpur, northwest Delhi’s Najafgarh also had a higher-than-average maximum temperature of 47.8°C last week. It turned become the hottest spot in India and Delhi. The Safdarjung main observatory reported a high temperature of 44°C on the same day.

Experts speculate that local causes may have more to do with Delhi’s severe heat in northwest and west than in metropolitan districts. The scorching winds from Rajasthan and Haryana first affect Delhi’s northwest border.

Mungeshpur, Narela, and Najafgarh are on the front lines and get the first gust of the hot summer winds that originate in Rajasthan or Haryana and blow in from the west or north-west. This is one of the main causes of the extreme heat there, top weather expert Kuldeep Srivastava told The Times of India.

The vast open expanses in the area, together with the industrial areas and desolate countryside, add to the intense heat.

“Take a look at these areas’ overall land usage. Despite plantations, there are sometimes arid areas of land, such as open fields that have been plowed, which raise the land surface temperature, according to Anumita Roychowdhury, executive director of the Centre for Science and Environment.

Roychowdhury went on, “There are lots of waterbodies nearby.” Heat output from industrial locations gives the impression that one is standing behind an air conditioner. Of course, concrete emits heat as well.

However, the IMD subsequently withdrew their statement that the highest temperature in Mungeshpur was 52.9°C rather than 52.3°C, citing potential mistakes or regional circumstances. This was noted in its evening bulletin.

It can be the result of a local factor or a sensor mistake. IMD is reviewing the information and sensors,” the company stated in a statement.

In the meanwhile, Earth Sciences Minister Kiren Rijiju said that it is “very unlikely” that Delhi would see a temperature higher than 52 degrees.

“It’s not yet official. It is quite improbable that Delhi will reach 52.3°C. We have requested our top IMD personnel to confirm the news story. In a post on X Tuesday, Rijiju remarked, “The official position will be stated soon.”

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