New Law Is Needed to Give CBI Power Without State Consent, Says Parliamentary Panel

A parliamentary panel underlined the pressing need for new legislation to provide the federal body more authority so it may look into important issues without interference from states and without requiring their agreement.

The panel emphasized how the Central Bureau of Investigation is severely limited as a result of nine states withdrawing their “general consent.”

The panel recognized the significance of measures to ensure impartiality and objectivity in the CBI’s work, avoiding any perception of state favoritism.

CBI investigations are not permitted to proceed without the state government’s approval under the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act. In the past, states have generally consented to a certain class of crimes committed against certain groups of people.

The study emphasized how the CBI’s capacity to fairly and objectively probe important cases has been severely curtailed by nine states withdrawing their general assent, which may have contributed to organized crime and corruption.

The panel amended the DSPE Act, of 1946, to clarify the role and responsibilities of the CBI and to provide it with more expansive investigation authority, while also restating its previous suggestion for a new statute. It also emphasized the need to establish legal protections to guarantee equity in the CBI’s operations.

The panel’s findings was released after certain non-NDA nations withdrew their general agreement and said that the Center had mishandled agencies for political ends. It underlined that situations endangering the security and integrity of the country should be the only ones in which the “state’s consent clause” is removed.

The study also included new recommendations from the CBI to modify hiring procedures, specifically with regard to inspector roles. The agency recommended replacing the current 50:50 methodology for filling inspector seats with a 60% promotion and 40% deputation/absorption basis. The suggested modification is being considered, and if it doesn’t fulfill the functional criteria, the position will be reviewed.

The panel revealed that the CBI had filled 308 positions in the previous year alone, including those of superintendent of police, deputy inspector general, and joint director.