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Understanding the Salary and Benefit Differences Between Cabinet and State Ministers in PM Modi’s Cabinet 3.0

On Sunday night, Prime Minister Narendra Modi took the oath of office for a third term in a row. He had already done so on May 26, 2014, and May 30, 2019. President Droupadi Murmu also swore in around seventy-two Union Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of State with him.

Council of Ministers v. Union Cabinet

There is misunderstanding since the words “Union Cabinet” and “Council of Ministers” are sometimes used interchangeably. The Union Cabinet is a smaller group of the senior-most ministers who make important policy decisions; the Council of Ministers is a broader body that consists of all levels of ministers. Both organizations, which report to the prime minister, are essential to the government’s executive branch.

The distinctions between a Cabinet Minister, a Minister of State with independent responsibility, and a Minister of State may, however, be of interest to a lot of people.

Functions and Distinctions

Ministers in the Cabinet

A Cabinet Minister is a high-ranking official in the executive branch who is designated to lead a certain ministry. They are a member of the Union Cabinet, which is the smaller, pickier group inside the Council of Ministers in charge of making important policy choices. Cabinet ministers actively participate in the legislative process by submitting laws, responding to inquiries, and taking part in parliamentary discussions. They answer directly to the prime minister.

Minister of State (Appointed Independently)

A Minister of State (Independent Charge) is a junior minister who oversees a ministry independently, without the scrutiny of a Cabinet Minister. They have complete control over their ministry and answer directly to the prime minister. They may attend Cabinet meetings when matters pertaining to their ministry are addressed, but they do not have the same permanent standing as Cabinet Ministers while having greater authority than a regular Minister of State.

State Minister (MoS)

A Cabinet Minister is assisted by a Minister of State in overseeing a particular ministry. They report to the Cabinet Minister instead of the Prime Minister and are ranked lower than Cabinet Ministers. While they may attend Cabinet meetings upon invitation, MoSs do not have the same degree of responsibility as the Cabinet Minister and assist him or her in supervising other ministerial duties.

Cabinet Minister Salary and Benefits

The base monthly remuneration for Cabinet Ministers is ₹1,00,000. Extra benefits and allowances consist of:

Monthly Constituency Allowance: ₹70,000
Monthly Office Expenses: ₹60,000
Monthly Sumptuary Allowance: ₹2,000
Daily Allowance: ₹2,000 per day when formal meetings or sessions of Parliament are held.

Conditions and Advantages:

Official House: A well-equipped home in New Delhi
Medical Facilities: The minister and their family get free medical care.
Travel Allowance: Free transportation for government business by air, train, and road
Security: Protection officers and measures to ensure their well-being
Pension: Based on duration, post-retirement pension benefits

For MPs, the overall monthly remuneration is around ₹2.30 lakhs; however, ministers’ compensation may vary somewhat depending on their particular allowances. As Sumptuary Allowance, the Prime Minister gets ₹3,000; Cabinet Ministers get ₹2,000; Ministers of State with independent charge get ₹1,000; and other Ministers of State get ₹600.

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