India does not have any formal and diplomatic relations with Taiwan so far. India recognizes only the 'One China Policy. The reason behind this is that India, already surrounded by border disputes with China, does not want to provoke China on the issue of Taiwan. But gradually India has changed its policy. In a joint document issued in December 2010 when Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao visited India, India did not mention its support for the 'One China Policy.
Beijing has given its message to India that if it maintains the 'One China Policy, it will increase mutual trust between the two countries, but in recent times India has refused to support this policy. This is because Beijing also issued stapled visas instead of normal visas to citizens of Jammu and Kashmir traveling to China, which India did not like.
It is noteworthy that in the year 2014, the Ambassador of Taiwan and the President of Tibet were also invited to the swearing-in ceremony of the newly appointed Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi and through this India had given a message to China. India wants to maintain trade-economic ties with Taiwan. There are deep ties between the two countries in the fields of trade, investment, tourism, culture, and education.
India has an office in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan, which carries out diplomatic work. Apart from this, there is also an India Taipei Association and Taipei Economic and Cultural Centre, headquartered in New Delhi. Through these two institutions, efforts are made to strengthen the relations between India and Taiwan. India had also appointed its new ambassador to Taiwan after China's attack in the Galvan Valley in the past years. Since India is also a part of exercises on Pacific Ocean security including organizations like Quad, Indo-Pacific Economic Framework. Therefore, it becomes his responsibility to make a better strategy on the Taiwan issue and move forward.